Jonah Lehrer is an interesting guy, an Ivy graduate and a respected journalist.
He's got a deep interest in psychology as well as poker, and that makes some of the things he's written about very relevant to this space here.
In a recent piece in the Boston Globe, he extols the virtue of grit and perseverance in the struggle for success.
He notes, correctly, that popular tales about how greats like Newton made scientific breakthroughs are myths.
We Too Have Our Myths
The notion that Newton discovered gravity when an apple bonked him on the head is just plain wrong, as is the one about Darwin discovering natural selection when he encountered various finches in the Galapagos.
These scientific urban myths don't just mislead - they distort the very essence of how true, deep, understanding is achieved.
Newton and Darwin were both brilliant. But so were many of their contemporaries.
The key is that both were intensely focused on their work. They spent years - in Darwin's case 20 - sifting data, pouring over models, reading, absorbing ideas, pushing the envelope of understanding.
Magical talent? Maybe a little.
In the poker world, we too have our myths. We believe that some just have a natural affinity for the game and can pick it up on the fly.
A couple of dozen hours at the felt and, bingo, they become solid, winning players.
If you think that Darwin just took a cruise around the world and got hit in the head with a really cool idea, you might also think that Phil Ivey got where he is because of some magical talent.
Or that the young Internet stars popping out of their bedrooms with million-dollar bankrolls are just cool guys with a flair for playing risky games.
Ability Combined With Zeal and Hard Labour
Lehrer quotes, approvingly, a line from Sir Francis Galton (who, interestingly, was a psychologist before there was a psychology as well as Charles Darwin's first cousin) to the effect that high levels of achievement depend on "ability combined with zeal and the capacity for hard labour."
And herein is the lesson for today.
I'm a recreational player. I put in a couple of hours a week either flipping chips at my local card room or zinging electrons around the world at virtual tables.
I read a lot and I think a good bit about the game and how I play it. But I'm a dilettante and I know it.
It's more than just a flair for risky games.
But I have friends, good friends, who are serious and successful pros. And I am astonished at the efforts they make, the time they put in, the intensity they bring to the game.
They don't just read books and articles. They play astronomical numbers of hands, keep records, make notes, rehash hands, review sessions, carry out intellectual autopsies on tournaments.
They go back over these data and rethink things. They deliberately try out different strategic moves and clock how those sessions went.
They spend endless hours with friends of like minds and similar skills going over all of this stuff.
The best are also brutally honest with themselves. Just like a good scientist, they know the data do not lie.
Lehrer spent a week exploring these issues with many top pros at the WSOP and, as he told me, "It was pretty clear.
These players succeed, not because of any special 'talent,' but because they have found something that they love so much that it doesn't feel like a job.
"They need to do this. They are putting in literally thousands upon thousands of hours of focused, concentrated study."
Old and Honored Reasons
The successful young poker pros, those rising to the top, are getting there for old and honored reasons.
Sure, they've got some natural talent; they're smart, not particularly risk-averse and have a natural (or quickly learn) emotional stability.
To be great, you need grit.
But these qualities alone won't do it. It'll just make them smart, easy-going players who make a couple of bucks at the game.
As Lehrer put it, "What they've got to have to become among the best is good old-fashioned grit.
They've got to be focused, motivated and have a deep desire to get better, to succeed, to become truly great at what they do."
Lehrer also notes that success and IQ are only weakly correlated. IQ isn't the same thing as intelligence and who succeeds at life's games is more tightly linked with factors like perseverance, grit and sweat.
One of the most intelligent people I've known was a professional racehorse handicapper. Not many people can make a living doing this. He did.
We were friends for nearly twenty-five years. He told me that when he took the Army IQ tests he scored a shade below average. Fascinating.
And, for what it's worth, I suspect that many of the better poker pros might easily have (or may yet) become artists, writers, businessmen.
The formula for making it is pretty much the same for all.
Arthur Reber has been a poker player and serious handicapper of thoroughbred horses for four decades. He is the author of 'The New Gambler's Bible and coauthor of Gambling for Dummies'.
His new book 'Poker, Life and Other Confusing Things' from ConJelCo Publishing was just released and is available on Amazon.com.
Formerly a regular columnist for Poker Pro Magazine and Fun 'N' Games magazine, he has also contributed to Card Player (with Lou Krieger), Poker Digest, Casino Player, Strictly Slots and Titan Poker. He outlined a new framework for evaluating the ethical and moral issues that emerge in gambling for an invited address to the International Conference of Gaming and Risk Taking.
Until recently he was the Broeklundian Professor of Psychology at The Graduate Center, City University of New York.
Among his various visiting professorships was a Fulbright fellowship at the University of Innsbruck, Austria. Now semi-retired, Reber is a visiting scholar at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada.
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