Other Odd Poker Rules and Exceptions

Plenty of players across poker forums, comment boards and in the real world are always looking for answers as to these odd situations, so the goal of this article is to create a definitive list of rules to resolve these conundrums. Without further ado here is my list of odd situations and Texas Hold'em poker rules.

Rules for Poker All-In Situations

Two players all-in for different amounts: In this scenario, you take the amount of the smaller stack from the big stack into the pot, returning the difference to the big-stack player.

Short stack all-in against two players: When a short stack is all-in against two larger stacks, the blinds, short stack, plus the amount of the short stack from each larger stack is placed in the main pot. All players are eligible to win this pot. The two players on the side are now free to play and bet as usual into a side pot, which only they are eligible to win. (This means there can be two winners in the hand - a side pot and a main pot winner.)

Multiple players all-in: When multiple players are all-in, you must make multiple side pots. Make a main pot as described above. After you've done that, repeat the process with the next-smallest stack. Continue to do this until all stacks are accounted for. Make sure to keep track of who is eligible for what pots.

Balancing Poker Tables in a Tournament

If you're running a tournament with two tables, and table 1 loses two players while table 2 is still full, you're going to have to move one player from table 2 to keep the tables balanced. How to choose who moves is done by moving the player who is in (or closest to) the same position relative to the button. So if the open seat is in the cut-off on table 1, you want to move the player from the cut-off on table 2. This keeps players from having to pay blinds twice, or not at all.

Breaking a Poker Table in a Tournament

If you lose enough players to be able to merge one table with another (or multiple others), it's time to break the table. How to choose who sits where is done by drawing for the open seats. If you're moving everyone onto one final table, typically all players, including those already seated at the table, draw for their seat. If you don't have seat cards, just use the deck counting lowest from highest, starting left of the dealer.

Can a Player Cash Out Half of Their Chips?

A player in a cash game has to play with all of their chips, or none. Cashing out part of your stack (also known as going south) is against the rules, and considered very poor etiquette. If you would like to cash out only part of your chips, you must cash out your entire stack, and wait the set amount of time before taking your seat again. This is known as recycling. The amount of time to wait changes depending on where you're playing, but I've never seen it lower than 30 minutes (the default online recycle timeframe).

Can a Player Purchase More Chips Off Another Player?

This is never a good idea. It's essentially the same concept as going south. The table loses the amount of chips the new player would be buying in for. Always buy your chips from the dealer or the house. In a home game, one person should be in charge of all financial transactions.

How to Deal With a Boxed Card

If a boxed card (a card face up in the stub) is encountered at any time during a hand, the card is removed from the deck and shown to every player. The deal continues as if nothing went wrong. If multiple cards are boxed, the dealer continues to remove the boxed cards until he reaches a facedown card to continue the deal. If the stub runs short of nonboxed cards, the hand is declared dead, with all chips being returned to their original stacks as accurately as possible.

How to Deal with Cards Dealt Out of Turn

If the dealer burns and turns fourth street while a player has yet to make their flop decision, the play is temporarily halted. The dealer takes the turn card and puts it back into the stub, shuffling the entire stub sufficiently. Once the deck is shuffled, and the player has made his final flop action, the top card is turned over as the new turn (there has already been a card burned for this street).

What to Do If a Card is Exposed While Dealing

When dealing hole cards, if the first or second card you deal is exposed (the face value was seen by someone at the table), the hand is a misdeal. Meaning the cards are reshuffled and the deal starts over (the dealer button stays in the same place).

If a card other than the first or second is exposed, the dealer continues to deal as if nothing had gone wrong. When the deal finishes, he give the top card on the deck to the player with the flashed card, and takes back the exposed card. That card is then turned face up and shown to everyone at the table, and put on the top of the deck to be used as the first burn card.

If two cards are exposed while dealing, the hand is considered a misdeal.

What to Do with a Marked Card

When noticing a single badly marked card in play, first play out the hand normally. When the hand is complete you'll want to replace that marked card with a new one of the same value, or just grab a new deck. If you don't have a new deck and are stuck with the one you have, your best bet is to remove the card from the game, making sure everyone is aware that the card is no longer in play. It's better for everyone to know that no one has the card than for everyone to know when someone does have the card.

Dealer Deals an Extra Hand or a Hand to a Seat with No Player

In this scenario, as long as no one looks at the extra hand, it's folded as a dead hand, and play continues as usual.

How Long Can a Player Wait Before Choosing to Rebuy?

After a player loses all of their chips, they must choose whether or not to rebuy before the next hand is dealt. In a home game there is room for lenience on this issue, just as long as the player isn't doing it on purpose to gain some sort of advantage.

Is a Single Chip Considered a Raise or a Call?

By putting in one over-value chip without saying anything, it is always considered a call. For example, if the big blind is $25 and you're first to act, putting in a $100 chip without actually saying "raise" is considered a call. The more lenient atmosphere of a home game means the dealer will typically ask the player what they actually wanted to do.

What If a Player Misses a Blind (Cash Games)

A player can never come into the game between the blinds, or between the button and the blinds (unless they buy the button, see rule below). This applies when moving a player in tournaments as well. If a player misses his or her blind in a cash game, they're not allowed to be dealt into a hand until the button has passed by them to the player on their left (it's treated as if there is no player sitting there). When the button has passed, they must post the amount equal to the blinds they missed.

For example, with blinds of $1/$2, a player who misses the big blind (therefore forcing them to also miss the small blind), they must post $3 to be dealt into the hand.

A small-blind post is always considered dead, meaning it goes into the pot and does not count toward any action in the hand, while the big-blind portion of the post is live, meaning it does count. A player with a live post still receives option to check or raise when it's their turn to act in the hand.

What is Buying the Button?

Buying the button is allowed in some locations during a cash game. This means that when a player sits down between the small blind and the button, or on the seat where the button would be next, they have the option to pay both the small and big blind in place of the players with whom the responsibility lies. This allows the player to play on the button, rather than having to wait for it to pass them the next hand.

What to Do If a Player Misses a Blind in Tournaments

In a tournament, every stack gets dealt a hand regardless of a player being in the seat or not. When the last card is dealt to a player for the hand, the hands without players are mucked. Players not present during their blinds have the blinds posted for them from their stacks, referred to as blinding out.

What Happens When a Player's Stack Size is Less Than the Blind

When a player's stack is less than the amount of the small blind, they are automatically considered all-in in the next hand they play, regardless of position. If the player's stack is larger than the small blind but smaller than the big blind, they will be considered all-in in any position other than the small blind, assuming they fold for their option.

When all-in, the player can only win the amount of their stack, plus that same amount from all of the callers and blinds. If the person has less than the big blind, they can only win the portion of the blind equal to that of their stack.

When Do You Remove Smaller Chips from Play in Poker?

When the blinds increase in a tournament, eventually the smaller-value chips will become obsolete. Once the chips are no longer needed, they are chipped up to the next denomination. First, make sure the chips are no longer needed (don't forget to check for antes in the future blind levels). If the blinds are $500/$1,000 doubling, you have no need for any chips smaller than $500 on the table. Change as many low-value chips as you can into higher values and hold on to the remainder. For example, if you have ten $25 chips, you will receive two $100 chips and have two $25 chips left over.

How Do You Do a Chip Race?

The standard way to remove the odd low-value chips is a chip race (this is how it's done in all major tournaments such as the WSOP). First the dealer adds up the total amount of odd chips on the table to determine the amount of larger-value chips up for grabs. For example, if there are 13 $25 chips on the table, they bring four $100 chips to take their place.

The dealer starts at the player to their left, dealing them as many cards as they have odd chips face up (if they have three $25 chips, they get three cards), until everyone with $25 chips has a card to represent each of them. Each available chip is given to the players with the highest-valued show card, with each player being allowed to win only one chip. In a case of a tie in rank, suits are used to determine a winner.

Rounding up: To save time, some tournaments will round up all leftover chips to the higher value. Regardless of having one $25 chip or three $25 chips, you will receive one $100 chip in their place.

How Are Suits Ranked in Poker?

In poker, the official suit ranking goes with the official Bridge ranking system, which is alphabetical. From worst to best:

Clubs, Diamonds, Hearts, Spades

How to Deal with Turn-Dealing Mistakes

Turn is dealt without burning: When the dealer deals the turn card without burning, that card is simply treated as a flash card. The dealer makes sure all players see the card before turning it face down as the burn card, dealing the real turn as normal.

Two burn cards dealt when dealing the turn: In the case of a dealer burning two cards, and turning over a third as the turn, that third card is treated as a flashed card, and is returned to the top of the deck as the burn for the river. The second burn card is turned face up, since it is the valid turn card.

Two cards are burnt and two cards are shown when dealing the turn: The proper way to resolve this rare scenario is as follows. The second burn card (the official, should be turn) is placed face down on the top of the deck. The first up card (the would-be river burn card) is treated as a flash card and turned face down.

The second show card is the official river. It is now played as it lies on the turn instead. When action completes on the turn, the top card is turned over without burning for the river. By doing it in this fashion, all cards put in play are the original cards that would have fallen if no mistake had occurred. There is no change to the results, and only one card gets exposed.

More on How to Play Poker:

More on Casino Poker Games:

Kresten Hougaard
2021-10-04 09:24:29

@Sylvie M

The dealer made a mistake and it happens whether it’s at a home game or at a casino/poker club. In this case I believe that the card that was exposed will go back into the deck, which is then re-shuffled. I am unsure if the burn card does too, but that is less important as it has not been flashed.

If a player accidentally flashes a card when folding his hand nothing else happens than the card will get mucked. In the above scenario, though, the card exposed needs to stay in play in order for the guy making his decision not being able to take advantage of the situation.

sylvie m
2021-09-29 15:47:34


2 cards were distributed to each 3 players left. Player one bet minimum, player 2 (small blind) added needed amount to follow and just as big blind was making a call to raise or more precisely to go all in the dealer ignored it or did not pay attention and burned and turned the first card of the flop. What was the move to make with this mistake ? Please we need to know to stop arguing about it LOL.

Allen wagner
2021-09-12 19:55:10

is a player other than the dealer allowed to touch the flop, turn, or river cards. is there a penalty.
answer should be for casino (with paid dealer) and games where the players deal. thank you in advance.

Arved Klöhn
2021-09-14 07:25:00

It is bad etiquette for a player to touch the cards or other player’s chips unless specifically asked to so by the dealer (e.g. to post a blind for a player that is away from the table).

In most casinos (repeated) offenders are given a warning, have to sit our for one orbit or in severe cases are removed from the game & casino entirely.

2021-04-05 07:00:09

Question running a 5 card high only game with 8 players. the dealer is new and doesnt realize you cant do double board with 8 players you get to the river and after burning realizes he only has one card left in the deck and needs 2 for the rivers. how do you correct this?

Arved Klöhn
2021-05-21 09:03:18

@nick: Easiest way is to take all the burn cards, shuffle them and use them to deal the river(s). But in general you shouldn’t run it twice with 8 players in the hand.

Wallace Andrews
2021-03-19 12:42:51

And the community cards on the board 6 6 of diamonds 6 of hearts 8 of spades 4 of Spades when player one shows two of hearts 2 of diamonds King of Clubs three of hearts in player 2 shows ace of diamonds 4 of hearts 9 of diamonds 5 of Clubs. I know the answer but I need this for verification to prove to someone. Who wins the hand player one or player two

Debbie from PokerListings
2021-03-26 11:17:27

Hey Wallace,

If I understand correctly, there are three 6’s on the board, so Player one wins with a full house.
Was that what you thought?

Robert M
2021-02-11 02:11:17

complicated situation…
home cash game
cash game 1 – 3 blinds
min buy in 300 max 1000
seat 9 on the button raises 65
seat 1 calls
seat 2 calls
seat 3 calls
seat 4 re-rasies 600
seat 9 all in for 400
seat 1 calls
seat 2 calls
seat 3 calls
main pot 2325
side pot 700
flop 8c 9s 3c
checked around
turn Ks
seat 4 bets 300
seat 1 calls
seat 2 calls
seat 3 doesnt act and actually holds his cards and top of the rail covered up in his hands
dealer procedes to burn and turn the river..
seat 4 opens his hand Ah 8d
seat 9 opens his hand 7c 4c
seat 1 opens his hand 10d Jc
seat 2 realizes seat 3 did not call the turn bet
we made the ruling river comes back into the deck, shuffle, put the river again 8h
which of course seat 9 blows a gasket!!
seat 9 claims 3 actions occurred (players opened their hand)
if that considered an action??
Did we rule correctly? any other way??
would love to hear from anyone

2021-01-07 15:33:38

Hello! Have a Question… Wanna know Answer then Playing with Friends Cash Game or Tournament.
A Player – Dealer
B Player – Small Blind
C Player – Big Blind
D, E Player and so On.

After 1 End Game A Player and B Player Lost All Chips.
B Player Must be Dealer?(But He Lost All Chips) And C Player must be Small Blind?
If B Dealling Card He must Deal for Self Card and Auto Fold?

Other situation C Player Lost everything.
B Delaer Now, C must be Small Blind, and D Big Blind, but button Small Blind On C Player Dealing Cards?

Arved Klöhn
2021-01-12 14:27:48

@Daniel: Situation 1 – Player C is small blind, Player D is big blind. The dealer button remains in front of player B, but he doesn’t receive any cards.

Situation 2 – Player D is big blind, player B is dealer. There is no small blind in this hand. This happens always after the big blind loses all chips.

Dave B
2020-10-06 20:06:08

In a poker tournament (in person or online), can a player who has a large number of chips sit out the rest of the tournament. Obviously, the blinds would continue to be taken from his/her stack but, if they had enough, it could pretty much guarantee that they would finish in the top 3 or 4. In a game I just finished, a player began to sit out with seven players left on the final table. She ended up finishing second.

I guess it is the same as sitting there and folding every hand so maybe it is within the rules but it certainly seems like a “chicken sh&$” way to win.

PokerListings Team
2020-12-16 15:26:34

Hey Dave. That’s interesting.
In 1989 Stu Ungar had to be taken to the hospital after finishing the the 3rd day of the WSOP main event as chip leader.
He never returned to the table that tourney and still finished 9th.

Bottom line, it’s well within the rules and fine to do. However, this depends on various factors.
You’re not going to build a stack or double up, and you will more often than not get exploited when in the blinds.
But it may help you make a money jump or survive a bubble if there are players with smaller stacks. Your call.

2020-08-20 06:34:13

Hi! In a situation where Player A goes all-in and Player B and Player C call and are still betting, when does Player A show his cards? Right away when he goes all-in or after all betting is done? Thank you!

Debbie from Pokerlistings
2020-08-24 07:45:01

Hey Tomas – the all-in player in this case would reveal their cards after betting has finished on the river.

2020-08-12 15:57:47

If you are playing Texas Holden with timed blinds and the timer goes off during the hand , is the timer started right away for the next blind or do you wait for the hand to finish before You start the clock clock for the next blind?

Debbie from PokerListings
2020-08-13 08:20:04

Hey Rusty,

No the clock doesn’t stop when you’re in the middle of a hand.
It will still run, you’ll just have to complete the hand then play the next one at the new level.

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