# Poker Side Pot Calculator | Rules for Poker All-In Situations

Not exactly sure what happens in multi-way poker all-in situations and how to calculate poker side pots? We’re answering questions about all-in bets, rules for side pots, and how to calculate them for cash games and tournaments.

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There are a lot of different scenarios that can materialize in home poker games, poker tournaments or cash games. So we’ll do our best to walk you through the most common all in situations you’ll find.

We’ve also created the perfect tool to end any confusion about side pots and all ins in your poker home games – the Side Pot Calculator. Just enter the numbers into the calculator and it does all the work for you, explaining who wins what amount from the pot.

If you’re still confused about all-in situations from time to time, you’re not alone. Any specific questions you might have let us know in the comments below and we’ll do our best to solve the dilemma for you. Read more:

## Rules for All-In Situations in Poker

No-Limit or “All In” poker gives each player the chance to only bet what’s in front of them at the poker table. These are called “table stakes,” it means that in a poker hand you can only bet whatever money or chips you had on the table when the hand started. You can’t reach for your wallet and bet more money, or put your car keys in the middle. What’s on the table is the only money you can put “all in” – even if it doesn’t match up exactly with the amount your opponent has.

### All In Rules – Two Players

There are always situations where one player has more money (or chips) at the table than another. With just two players in the pot, this is an easy situation to resolve. A player can always call an “all in” with the rest of his or her chips. He or she is only eligible to win the portion of the pot that totals his or her entire stack at the start of the hand, though.

Example: There's \$100 in the pot. You have \$25 left and your opponent bets \$50. You are not “priced out” of the pot so to speak. If you want to call, you can put your \$25 in the pot. In this case, if no other players match the \$50 bet, the opponent gets \$25 back immediately - the amount you couldn't match. The player who shows down the best hand picks up the full pot in the middle of the table.

## More Players = Side Pots

All-in rules for two players are pretty straightforward. Even if you don’t have enough in your stack to match the full all in bet you can always put whatever you have left into the middle and be eligible to win that portion of the pot. When three or more players are involved, things can get a little more complicated. Not impossible to figure out. But you'll need to create “side pots” that match up with what each player has is his stack/put into the middle.

RULE: The golden, overarching rule to keep in mind is that each player matches each opponents' bet with as much as is left in his stack.

1. All players still in the pot are obligated to match whatever the smallest stack has contributed to the pot. This is the "main pot.”
2. The player with the next smallest stack then is required to match remaining bets from players with bigger stacks, and so on.
3. This is put into a “side pot” with each respective player.

## How to Calculate Side Pots

Say there are three players left in a hand with stacks as follows:

• Player A: \$25
• Player B: \$50
• Player C: \$100

All players have gone all in. Based on the size of the smallest stack, the main pot has \$75 in it - \$25 from each player. This is the total amount Player A can win in the hand. The remaining chips of Player B (\$25) are then matched up against the all-in bet from Player C. As he only has \$25 more, Player C is only required to put in \$25 to "cover" his extra bet.

The "side pot," contested only between Players B and C, is \$50. As Player C has \$50 no other player can match, that \$50 is returned to his or her stack immediately. At showdown all players are eligible to win the main \$75 pot.

If Player A has the best hand, he wins the main pot and the main pot only. Players B and C then compare their hands. The best hand between those two then takes the \$50 side pot. If Player B or C has the best hand between all three players, that player takes the money in both the main pot and the side pot. If more than three players go All-In during a hand side pots are contested between individual players based on the exact same formula.

Important note: Only players who have contributed to a side pot can win the money in that side pot.

Try out our Side Pot Calculator right here to see it in action.

## Betting Rules for All-In Situations

What happens if a player goes all in with a bet or a raise but it's not enough for a full raise to be completed?

There are two common rules: the "full bet" rule or the half bet rule. If the "full bet" rule is in effect, as it usually is in No-Limit games, and the amount of an all-in is less than the minimum bet or the full amount of the previous raise, it's now a "real" raise and doesn't reopen the betting. If the "half bet" rule is in play if the amount is over half the minimum bet it is a raise and reopens the action.

Example: Player 1 bets \$50 into the pot and the player that acts next goes all in for \$65. As the extra \$15 is not enough to constitute a "full raise" on Player 1's original bet, a third player can still raise instead of call as he has not yet had the option to raise. Player 1 would then be able to call or raise the amount of Player 3's raise.

If the third player just calls, however, Player 1 can't re-raise as it would essentially be re-raising his own original bet. Player 1 can only call the extra \$15 from both players and would contest an extra side pot of \$30 with Player 3. The main pot would have \$50 from all three players in it for a total of \$150.

## Side Pot and All-in FAQs

• ### When u play poker, do you win all the money?

In Texas Holdem, you can win the total pot amount after each hand / round. You do this by having the best hand at showdown or by having all the other players fold to you. Sometimes, two players may have the same hand and will split the pot - so neither gets all the money (chips). In a cash game, you get this straight away and can cash out anytime. Meanwhile, at the end of a tournament, there will be a payout structure where the total buy-ins of all the players (minus rake taken by the house if any) are split among the top players. So rarely does a single player claim all the money.
• ### What does all-in mean in poker?

When a player goes all-in, they're committing their entire chip stack to the pot. In a poker hand you can bet - at maximum - the money or chips you have left on the table.
• ### When can a player go all in in Texas Holdem?

In a Fixed Limit Texas Holdem game, you can only bet as much as the pot. But in a no-limit Texas holdem game, you can virtually go all-in any time you want. However, you'll only be eligible to win your stack multiplied by the amount of callers = the main pot. Also, the 'All-In' rule in table stakes allows the player to call a bet even when they don't have enough chips, instantly putting them all-in.

We suggest you don't bluff all-in. And only perform this move when you're sure you have the winning hand. Or if you have a short stack of chips and a strong hand pre-flop, like pocket pairs or AK suited.
• ### How do side pots work in poker?

If two players go all-in, and the bigger stack of chips wins, then the other player is out. On the other hand, if the shorter stack wins, they get double their chips from their opponent. However, if there are 3 or more players in a pot with at least one all-in, chips get added to both the main pot and side pot.

The all-in player can only win their stake - which in this case is the amount of their whole stack (all-in). So if the other two or more players are all-in with bigger stacks or alternatively continue to bet "on the side", these additional chips go into a SIDE POT. If the all-in player wins the hand, they can only win the main pot. The second best hand will take the side pot.
• ### Who wins the side pot in poker?

Scenario 1:

If player A has 500 chip stack, play B has 1,000 chips and player C has 1,500, there would be a side pot. Because the 500-chip stack can't win more than their stake. Who wins the round determines who wins the main pots and side pots. But say Player A has the best hand, they get their 500 back plus the 500 from player B and 500 from player C. If player C has the second-best hand, they get the extra 500 chips in the side pot from player B's all-in and Player B would be out. And vice versa if player B wins.

Scenario 2:

One player is all-in pre-flop and two other players call the all-in, so all these chips go into the main pot. The other two players still have chips to bet with, unlike player A and continue to bet after the flop until the river. At showdown all three players show cards and player A is the winner. Player A can only win the main pot. So the second-best hand from Player B or C will take the side pot.

### More Poker Learning Tools:

Daryl Morrison
2020-08-18 06:28:41

Okay I’ve been looking for an answer but nothing seems to clearly state it.
In regular tournament style Texas hold’em, you have a big blind of 8,000 and a small of 4,000. If player A is forced all in because he is small blind with 2,000. And player B is the big blind of 8,000. It ends up being heads up between player A and B, what amount can player be win? Is it 4,000? Or is it 10,000?

Debbie from Pokerlistings
2020-08-27 09:10:45

Hey Daryl,

Player B’s max profit can only be Player A’s max stack amount – which is the 2,000 in this case.

Amer
2020-07-15 08:24:47

I think there is a problem in their example
Betting Rules for All-In Situations

What happens if a player goes all in with a bet or a raise but it’s not enough for a full raise to be completed?

There are two common rules: the “full bet” rule or the half bet rule. If the “full bet” rule is in effect, as it usually is in No-Limit games, and the amount of an all-in is less than the minimum bet or the full amount of the previous raise, it’s now a “real” raise and doesn’t reopen the betting. If the “half bet” rule is in play if the amount is over half the minimum bet it is a raise and reopens the action.

Example: Player 1 bets \$50 into the pot and the player that acts next goes all in for \$65. As the extra \$15 is not enough to constitute a “full raise” on Player 1’s original bet, a third player can still raise instead of call as he has not yet had the option to raise. Player 1 would then be able to call or raise the amount of Player 3’s raise.

If the third player just calls, however, Player 1 can’t re-raise as it would essentially be re-raising his own original bet. Player 1 can only call the extra \$15 from both players and would contest an extra side pot of \$30 with Player 3. The main pot would have \$50 from all three players in it for a total of \$150.

Joe
2020-06-28 12:11:59

Scenario: No Limit Game
Player 1 bets 100.00
Player 2 calls 100.00
Player 3 goes All in with 115.00
Question:
Can player 1 re-raise and go all-in with about 250.00 more chips? Or can he only call the extra 15.00?

Arved Klöhn
2020-06-30 07:34:17

Player 1 can only call the 15. The all-in raise was a so called incomplete raise. When a raise is less than 50% of the previous raise it’s technically an incomplete raise and counts as a call.

Wouter
2020-06-17 15:01:50

Say there are only 2 players left, who both go all-in. Player A goes all-in with 500 and player B with 1000. Say player A wins. Does that mean that player B only loses 500 chips, or loses all his chips and the whole game?

PokerListings
2020-06-23 07:35:36

Hey Wouter,

Player A can only win the 500 off the other player since this was their max. bet. So in this case, after this hand, the tables will flip and player A will have 1000 chips, while player B will have 500.

Rajeev
2020-05-14 17:10:45

In a tournament three person goes all in.
Player A – 500
Player B – 1000
Player c – 1500
Player A and B goes all in. Player C had best cards and he got all the chips
Now player A had better cards than player B. So according to the rules who is 2nd and who is 3rd in position?

PokerListings
2020-06-03 11:41:28

Hey Rajeez,

If player C has the best hand and both player A and B are all-in, Player C takes all their chips and they’re both out.
In the payout/tournament position structure, it’s according to chips. So if both player A and B bust at the same time, B would have a higher position than A because they had more chips in that hand.

If in another scenario Player A has the best hand, then Player A wins the main pot (500+500+500 because the max bet was 500). If in this same scenario, Player C has the second best hand, this player may win the side pot which would consist of the other 500 from Player B and only player B would be out.

Jules
2020-04-01 02:06:16

If Someone has 5 chips left and calls all in and the other player (if there are only two) has more than that would they still have to put all in.

Eg. Billy has 5 chips left and calls all in but Sam has 20 chips left. Would Sam have to put in his 20 chips because Billy called all in or could he just put in 5?

PokerListings
2020-04-13 11:03:27

Hey Jules,
If Sam calls an all-in he would be calling Billy’s maximum, which in this case is 5 chips.
Billy can’t wager more than he has and hence can’t win more than double his 5 chips if it is heads up play (just him and Sam in the hand).

J.C.
2019-12-15 01:17:13

So in Omaha home tournament SB is 200 BB is 400. 3rd player goes all in for 600. 4th player calls the 600 as well as 3 others. Now question. Is this correct or should the 3rd player have made a full raise of 800?

PokerListings
2020-05-13 15:04:36

Hey JC,

If it’s 400 to call and the third player (Under the Gun position) elects to go all in for 600 instead of just calling 400, then this is fine. That player can’t raise double for 800 because they don’t have the chips. Then new price to call is 600 for the rest of the players.

Norm
2019-12-10 12:36:54

I have a question..say I’m big blind and the blinds are 4000.8000.under the gun raises t0 35 an next to act goes all in for 45k…everybody folds around to me .can I just call 45k …. because I was told tonight if I call it has to be a raise

PokerListings
2020-05-13 15:08:19

Hey Norm,
If you’re big blind and have put in your 8K already and someone goes all-in for 45K – then you would need to put in 37K more to call.
If everyone has folded around to you, then it seems it’s a potential heads up. So you raising isn’t necessary against a player who is already all in because they cannot win back more than they stake. That’s why it’s just a call in this case. Hope this clarifies it!

Blur
2017-09-26 00:19:57

For example player 1 raised \$50 then player 2 raised \$20 that makes him in the status all-in and he still on the game and still has a chance to win a side pot then player 3 has \$100 on table, isn’t it unfair for player 3 because the only choice the player 3 got is to raise \$50 or fold which will remove him/her from the round while the player 2 still has a chance to win a side pot? Why don’t the poker game has a choice which the player 3 can raised \$20 too and fight with player 2 to win the side pot? I find it unfair for the player who still has a big money on the table if there is an all-in player on the table.

Psyklosion
2017-09-17 00:41:58

My comment from 2 years ago is incorrect. I have had this situation come up many times and the ruling I have always been given was that everyone can just call the \$25. This only applies after the flop though. If this happened preflop and there was a live big blind “50” in play, the remaining players would be required to call the big blind “50,” and there would be a sidepot for the extra 25’s.

Another example would be if someone bet 50 “minimum” after the flop, and another player went all in for 75 total. The players remaining in the hand would only need to call 75. Now depending on the casino in this example, the player who originally bet may or may not be able to reraise when the action comes back around. Some places say a full raise can only reopen the action, and some places only require 50% of a full raise to reopen the action. That is a different issue entirely however.

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