If you already know Texas Hold'em Poker Rules, you know how to run and play a game of Omaha more or less. So let's get started!
How to Play Omaha Poker in 20 Easy Steps
1. Two Differences between Hold'em and Omaha
- Every player gets four cards in Omaha (instead of two in Hold'em)
- You MUST use two of them to make your best poker hand
2. How to Win a Hand
Omaha is a community-card game played with two to ten players on one table. You win chips by winning a pot and you win a pot in one of two ways:
- All the other players fold their hands, making you the only player left in the pot.
- You have the best hand at the showdown.
3. Draw for a Dealer
When you have 2-10 players at the table, each with a stack of chips, you're ready to start. The first thing you need to do is draw the high card for a dealer.
Deal every player one card face up. The player with the highest ranked card (Aces are high) will start as the game's dealer. If two players both have the same high card, either deal both players a second card, or use the suits of their card to determine the winner. (Poker suit ordering is alphabetic from worst to best: Clubs, Diamonds, Hearts, Spades)
4. Put Out the Dealer Button
When you have a dealer, give that player the dealer button (typically a white disk) used to keep track of the current dealer in the hand. This player needs to shuffle up the cards and prepare to deal the first hand.
5. Put Out the Blinds
Before the cards are dealt in any hand the two players to the left of the dealer need to put out the blinds. The player directly to the left of the dealer puts out the "small" blind and the player to the left of the small blind puts out the "big" blind.
Eg. small blind is 5c, big blind is 10c.
6. Deal the Cards
Once the blinds are out, the dealer can deal the cards. Start with the player to the dealer's left (the small blind) and move clockwise around the table. Each player is dealt one card at a time (face down) until all players have exactly four cards.
7. Start the First Betting Round
Once the last card is dealt and every player has four cards face down, you are now in the first betting round known as "preflop." A betting round ends when two conditions are met:
- All players have had a chance to act.
- All players who haven't folded have bet the same amount of money for the round.
In poker only one player can act at a time, starting at the player to the left of the big blind. This player has three options:
- Fold: Can pay nothing to the pot, throw away his or her cards and wait for the next deal to play again.
- Call: Can match the amount of the big blind.
- Raise: Can raise the bet by at least doubling the amount of the big blind. A player may raise more depending on the betting style you are playing.
Action flows clockwise.
8. Continue the Action Clockwise
Once the player to the left of the big blind acts, the action moves clockwise around the table. Each player has the same options: fold, call or raise.
The amount of a call or raise is always dependant on the size of the last bet made.
For example, for the first player to call he or she needs to match the size of the big blind. If he or she raises it has to be double the big blind. If ther is a raise the next player has to add the full amount of the big blind + the raise to call.
9. Big Blind is Last to Act Before Flop
When the action gets back to the small blind he or she can fold, call or raise just like everyone else. If a raise has been made to 50¢ and the small blind has already paid 5¢, he or she only needs to add 45¢ to call.
If there has been no raise and the current bet is still the same as the original big blind of 10¢, the big blind can check and continue in the hand. If a rasie has come in he or she needs to add the amount less the original 1010¢
Once everyone has had a chance to act and everyone still with a hand has the same amount of money wagered, the pre-flop betting round is over.
First three cards are the flop.
10. Deal the Flop
Once the preflop betting round is concluded the flop is dealt. In a community-card came such as Omaha, there will be five community cards total for any hand reaching a showdown. The flop is the first three of the five cards dealt.
The dealer discards the top card on the deck face down (this is called the burn card) and then deals three cards face up in the middle of the table.
11. Start Next Betting Round With Player Left of Dealer
After the flop is dealt the next betting round starts on the first player to the left of the dealer still with a hand (players with a hand are known as "live players").
This player is in a similar situation to the big blind preflop. He or she can check or bet. The player is not required to add any money to call and they do not need to fold either. A bet in this round is typically equal to the same amount as the big blind.
12. Continue to Next Player to the Left
Action moves to the next live player to his or her left with the same options available: check (if no bet before), call (match a previous bet), raise (add another bet on top).
13. Deal the Turn
Once the flop betting round is complete the dealer deals the turn. The card at the top of the deck is discarded face down face (another burn card), and one card is dealt face up next to the flop.
Betting round follows after each new card.
14. Start Next Betting Round
Once this is done the next betting round starts.
The turn's betting round is exactly the same as the flop's with one exception. A single bet on the turn now uses the larger betting limit. Typically the larger betting limit is double the size of the big blind.
Sometimes, mostly for convenience, the large betting limit is slightly larger than double the big blind. This is most common in games such as a $2-$5 Limit game.
15. Deal the River
Once the turn betting round is complete the final community card is dealt. The dealer discards one final card face down, followed by one card face up.
16. Start Final Betting Round
Once the river is dealt the final betting round of the hand begins.The river's betting round is identical in all ways to that of the turn.
17. Enter the Showdown
When the river betting round has been completed all remaining live players enter into the showdown. The concept of the showdown is simple: the player with the best hand wins the pot.
18. How to Determine the Winning Hand
Evaluating a winning hand in Omaha is slightly different than in Texas Hold'em.
The first thing you need to know is still the same though - the poker hand ranking order. Some guidelines for evaluating an Omaha poker hand:
Lay 'em out to see who wins at showdown.
- There are no other hands used in Omaha than the hands listed in this chart. For example, having three pairs is actually only "two pair" with the highest valued two pairs making your hand.
- In Omaha players must use exactly two cards from their hand and three cards from the community cards to make the best hand possible.
- The player can use any two of his or her four cards and any threeof the five community cards. For example:
- if the board is 2JQKA
- Player 1 holds 10992
- Player 2 holds 10234. In this pot only Player 1 has a straight (910JQK). Player two must use two cards from his hand giving him no more than a pair of twos (22AK10).
- If all remaining players have nothing, no pair or anything stronger, the winning hand is the hand with the highest valued single card, meaning:
- A3467 is a better hand than KQJ98
- AJ986 is a better hand than AJ982
Because of having to use two cards out of your hand, if the board is a straight (A2345) you will need two of your own cards to fit into that straight to have a straight as your hand.
For example: 6AKK does not have a straight - the best hand they can make would be a pair of aces. 23QQ does have a straight, being able to substitute their 2 and 3 for the 2 and 3 on the board.
- Suits are never used to evaluate the strength of a hand.
19. Push the Pot to the Winner
Once you have discerned the winning hand, that player wins the entire pot. When a pot is won the hand is complete.
20. Pass the Dealer Button to the Left; Start Over!
After the hand completes the dealer passes the dealer button to the player to his or her left.
At this point you begin the next hand with the two players to the left of the new dealer putting out their blinds.
Omaha Poker Betting Rules
Omaha is played in either Limit or Pot-Limit betting structures. Omaha should not be played as a No-Limit game. The game is inherently action crazed so a strict betting structure helps keep order in the game.
Omaha can also be played as a Hi-Lo split game. To learn How to Play Omaha Hi Lo, check our dedicated Omaha Hi-Lo page:
Players who want to play a high-action Omaha game turn to Pot-Limit as their go-to betting structure.
The popularity of Pot-Limit Omaha has surged recently to the point that this particular Omaha variation is now the second most played poker variant both online and live. In fact, it's not uncommon for 100% of the night's online high-stakes action to take place over Omaha tables.
- Betting proceeds clockwise from the button. The player to the left of the button is the small blind and the player on his left is the big blind. The player on his left is under the gun, and acts first.
- His options are to call the big blind, raise or fold.
- Your minimum bet is equal to the size of the big blind (this is assuming no players have bet before you on this betting round).
- To determine the maximum bet, count all the money in the pot and all the bets on the table, including any call you would make before raising. (It sounds more complicated than it really is.) Two examples for you:
- You're first to act on the flop with a pot of $15. You have the option to check or bet. You can bet anywhere from as little as the amount of the big blind, to the full amount of the pot ($15). Any bet in between is a "legal bet."
- You're second to act on the flop with a pot of $15. The first player bets $10. You now have the option to fold, call ($10) or raise.
- Your minimum raise is equal to the amount of the previous bet. In this hand your minimum raise is $10 ($10 + $10 for a total bet of $20).
- Your maximum raise is the amount of the pot. To figure this out, add up the pot + the bet + your call ($15 + $10 + $10 = $35). You are allowed to bet that total amount in addition to your call, meaning your total bet is $45 ($10 for the call + $35 for the size of the pot).
- You can raise any amount in between the minimum and the maximum raise amount.
- The size of the game is determined by the blind size. The buy-in is usually minimum 20 big blinds and maximum 100 big blinds.
How to Play Pot-Limit Omaha: Video
- In Limit Omaha the betting limits are fixed.
- The size of the game is determined by the bet size. For example, in a $4/$8 game the small bet is $4 and the big bet is $8. The blinds would be $2 and $4.
- Play proceeds as it does in any community card game, with the blinds to the left of the button and the play proceeding clockwise.
- Betting and raising are done in increments.
- Before the flop betting works in increments of the small bet; $4 in our example. A bet would be equal to $4, a raise would be to a total of $8.
- On the turn and river betting works in increments of the big bet; $8 in our example. A bet would be equal to $8, a raise would be equal to $16.
The Limit betting structure puts a cap on the number of raises. Most venues allow a maximum of a bet and three raises, although some rooms have a cap of four raises.